Techniques for Swedish massage were developed by the Swedish fencing master and physiologist Per Henrik Ling (1777-1839). Ling learned massage in China and learned the techniques, developed them and ultimately they were introduced into the massage world via the Swedish Central Institute of Gymnastics. Swedish massage is the basis for the majority of practices either singularly or as a central part of Sports massage practice, physiotherapy, osteotherapy, stress treatment and relaxation treatment.
Sports Massage includes soft tissue manipulation more deeply than Swedish massage. The tissue manipulation aids client recovery time, which is utmost for an elite athlete, especially during the competitive season. On the other hand, Sports massage can be employed very beneficially for those who may just have a minor muscle ache. Skin, tendons, muscles, fascia and ligaments are referred to collectively as 'soft tissue'. They are connective tissues that have not toughened forming bone and cartilage. Imbalances in soft tissue caused by powerful and repetitious physical activity and/or physical shock can be helped with Sports Massage. It can facilitate to put right problems in soft tissue. Normally, massage is portrayed as a full body relaxing therapy, normally in a spa or relaxed place. Notwithstanding, it can additionally be a intense, intense therapy practice for a specific spot of soft tissue.
Different methods are performed for Swedish massage and some are:
Effleurage is a shallow manoeuvre across the skin to assess and rest the person. The therapist utilizes the hand or forearm.
Petrissage - This manoeuvre consists of deeper kneading and gentle squeezing of muscles without targeting but permitting for deeper penetrating effects of massage.
Frictions - These can be shallow or deep strokes to warm up certain places and can be carried out with part of the hand, fingertips or elbow.
Tapotement is a variety percussion techniques using part or whole of the hand. The methods include hacking and cupping. It invigorates an area of soft tissue.
Vibrations are used in the main at the back of the neck to stimulate and relax the muscles.
In addition to Swedish massage techniques, Sports massage adds techniques that can focus on specific areas.
Neuromuscular Therapy (NMT) stimulates certain areas of deep tissue with quasi-static pressure given to the skin. Areas are also myofascial trigger points.
Muscular Energy Technique (Muscular Energy Technique) is an application where the client reacts to the counter-force applied by the therapist, on muscles in a controlled position.
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (P.N.F.) - a mixture of passive stretching and isometric contractions.
Adding aspects of Swedish and Sports massage into rehabilitation and training regimes is common practice. This is due to the flexibility of techniques and the dependability of their outputs.
Qualities that benefit the body, delivered by Sports and Swedish massage, are:
Tensions and adhesions are recognised and relieved before they become a problem, therefore, rebalancing the structure of the body.
Diminish headaches (including migraines) which become fewer, shorter and less strong, by dealing with the inherent causes via gentle easing of tight areas of muscle and tissue.
Healing processes in the body are enhanced by massage to help reduce the time to recover from an injury.
Eradicating toxins from the body by stimulating the flow of blood and flow of lymph fluid.
Fibre realignment at injury sites minimises scar tissue.
An advance in performance and injury prevention can be achieved due to improved muscle flexibility.
Endurance and maintenance of muscle tone.
Adverse effects on the body can come from everyday wear and tear. This can induce postural problems, which can be irritating and movement restricting. Massage can tackle these problems.